Am März wurde in Berlin die Deutsche Meisterschaft im Sumo-Ringen ausgetragen. Rund 70 Sportler und Sportlerinnen aus sumoringen - Video: Soma beim Sumo-Ringen - In Japan werden Sumo-Ringer wie Helden gefeiert. Der zehnjährige Soma trainiert seit zwei Jahren. Das durchschnittliche Gewicht beim Sumoringen ist stetig gestiegen. Ein Sumoringer bringt heutezutage Kilogramm auf die Waage, da es.
Sumo-Ringen: Der Japaner Kisenato ist der erste Yokozuna seit 1998sumoringen - Video: Soma beim Sumo-Ringen - In Japan werden Sumo-Ringer wie Helden gefeiert. Der zehnjährige Soma trainiert seit zwei Jahren. Das durchschnittliche Gewicht beim Sumoringen ist stetig gestiegen. Ein Sumoringer bringt heutezutage Kilogramm auf die Waage, da es. Sie gelten als legitime Nachfahren der Samurai. Übermenschlich stark und unheimlich diszipliniert. Aber Sumoringer müssen vor allem eins sein: loyal.
Sumoringen Sumoringen VideoKonishiki - Kotoinazuma
The Emperor's Cup is presented to the wrestler who wins the top-division makuuchi championship. Numerous other mostly sponsored prizes are also awarded to him.
These prizes are often rather elaborate, ornate gifts, such as giant cups, decorative plates, and statuettes.
Others are quite commercial, such as one trophy shaped like a giant Coca-Cola bottle. Promotion and relegation for the next tournament are determined by a wrestler's score over the 15 days.
In the top division, the term kachikoshi means a score of 8—7 or better, as opposed to makekoshi , which indicates a score of 7—8 or worse.
A wrestler who achieves kachikoshi almost always is promoted further up the ladder, the level of promotion being higher for better scores.
See the makuuchi article for more details on promotion and relegation. For the list of upper divisions champions since , refer to the list of top division champions and the list of second division champions.
At the initial charge, both wrestlers must jump up from the crouch simultaneously after touching the surface of the ring with two fists at the start of the bout.
Upon completion of the bout, the referee must immediately designate his decision by pointing his gunbai or war-fan towards the winning side.
The winning technique kimarite used by the winner would then be announced to the audience. The referee's decision is not final and may be disputed by the five judges seated around the ring.
If this happens, they meet in the center of the ring to hold a mono-ii a talk about things. After reaching a consensus, they can uphold or reverse the referee's decision or order a rematch, known as a torinaoshi.
The wrestlers then return to their starting positions and bow to each other before retiring. A winning wrestler in the top division may receive additional prize money in envelopes from the referee if the matchup has been sponsored.
If a yokozuna is defeated by a lower-ranked wrestler, it is common and expected for audience members to throw their seat cushions into the ring and onto the wrestlers , though this practice is technically prohibited.
In contrast to the time in bout preparation, bouts are typically very short, usually less than a minute most of the time only a few seconds.
Extremely rarely, a bout can go on for several minutes. If a bout lasts up to four minutes, the referee or one of the judges sitting around the ring may call a mizu-iri or " water break ".
The wrestlers are carefully separated, have a brief break, and then return to the exact position they left, as determined by the referee.
If after four more minutes, they are still deadlocked, they may have a second break, after which they start from the beginning. Further deadlock with no end of the bout in sight can lead to a draw hikiwake , an extremely rare result in modern sumo.
The last draw in the top division was in September A sumo wrestler leads a highly regimented way of life.
The Sumo Association prescribes the behavior of its wrestlers in some detail. For example, the association prohibits wrestlers from driving cars, although this is partly out of necessity as many wrestlers are too big to fit behind a steering wheel.
On entering sumo, they are expected to grow their hair long to form a topknot, or chonmage , similar to the samurai hairstyles of the Edo period.
Furthermore, they are expected to wear the chonmage and traditional Japanese dress when in public, allowing them to be identified immediately as wrestlers.
The type and quality of the dress depends on the wrestler's rank. Rikishi in jonidan and below are allowed to wear only a thin cotton robe called a yukata , even in winter.
Furthermore, when outside, they must wear a form of wooden sandal called geta. The higher-ranked sekitori can wear silk robes of their own choice, and the quality of the garb is significantly improved.
Similar distinctions are made in stable life. When the sekitori are training, the junior wrestlers may have chores to do, such as assisting in cooking the lunch, cleaning, and preparing the bath, holding a sekitori' s towel, or wiping the sweat from him.
The ranking hierarchy is preserved for the order of precedence in bathing after training, and in eating lunch. Wrestlers are not normally allowed to eat breakfast and are expected to have a siesta -like nap after a large lunch.
The most common type of lunch served is the traditional sumo meal of chankonabe , which consists of a simmering stew of various fish, meat, and vegetables cooked at the table.
It is usually eaten with rice and washed down with beer. This regimen of no breakfast and a large lunch followed by a sleep is intended to help wrestlers put on a lot of weight so as to compete more effectively.
In the afternoon, the junior wrestlers again usually have cleaning or other chores, while their sekitori counterparts may relax, or deal with work issues related to their fan clubs.
Younger wrestlers also attend classes, although their education differs from the typical curriculum of their non-sumo peers.
In the evening, sekitori may go out with their sponsors, while the junior wrestlers generally stay at home in the stable, unless they are to accompany the stablemaster or a sekitori as his tsukebito manservant when he is out.
Becoming a tsukebito for a senior member of the stable is a typical duty. A sekitori has a number of tsukebito , depending on the size of the stable or in some cases depending on the size of the sekitori.
The junior wrestlers are given the most mundane tasks such as cleaning the stable, running errands, and even washing or massaging the exceptionally large sekitori while only the senior tsukebito accompany the sekitori when he goes out.
The sekitori are given their own room in the stable, or may live in their own apartments, as do married wrestlers; the junior wrestlers sleep in communal dormitories.
Thus, the world of the sumo wrestler is split broadly between the junior wrestlers, who serve, and the sekitori , who are served.
Life is especially harsh for recruits, to whom the worst jobs tend to be allocated, and the dropout rate at this stage is high. The negative health effects of the sumo lifestyle can become apparent later in life.
Sumo wrestlers have a life expectancy between 60 and 65, more than 10 years shorter than the average Japanese male, as the diet and sport take a toll on the wrestler's body.
Many develop type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure , and they are prone to heart attacks due to the enormous amount of body mass and fat that they accumulate.
The excessive intake of alcohol can lead to liver problems and the stress on their joints due to their excess weight can cause arthritis.
Recently, the standards of weight gain are becoming less strict, in an effort to improve the overall health of the wrestlers.
Some sumo organizations have minimum height and weight requirements for their competitors. In , the Japanese Sumo Association required that all sumo wrestlers be a minimum centimeters 5.
Although, they also claimed that a "blind eye" is turned for those "just shy" of the minimums. As of [update] , the monthly salary figures in Japanese yen for the top two divisions were: .
Wrestlers lower than the second-highest division, who are considered trainees, receive only a fairly small allowance instead of a salary.
This bonus increases every time the wrestler scores a kachikoshi with larger kachikoshi giving larger raises.
San'yaku wrestlers also receive a relatively small additional tournament allowance, depending on their rank, and yokozuna receive an additional allowance every second tournament, associated with the making of a new tsuna belt worn in their ring entering ceremony.
Individual top division matches can also be sponsored by companies. Sumo is also practised as an amateur sport, with participants in college, high school, and grade school in Japan.
In addition to college and school tournaments, open amateur tournaments are also held. The sport at this level is stripped of most of the ceremony.
The most successful amateur wrestlers in Japan usually college champions can be allowed to enter professional sumo at makushita third division or sandanme fourth division rather than from the very bottom of the ladder.
These ranks are called makushita tsukedashi and sandanme tsukedashi , and are currently equivalent to makushita 10, makushita 15, or sandanme depending on the level of amateur success achieved.
Many of the current top division wrestlers entered professional sumo by this route. All amateur athletes entering the professional ranks must be under 23 to satisfy the entry, except those who qualify for makushita tsukedashi or sandanme tsukedashi , who may be up to The International Sumo Federation was established to encourage the sport's development worldwide, including holding international championships.
A key aim of the federation is to have sumo recognized as an Olympic sport. Amateur sumo clubs are gaining in popularity in the United States, with competitions regularly being held in major cities across the country.
Now, however, the sport has grown beyond the sphere of Japanese diaspora and athletes come from a variety of ethnic, cultural, and sporting backgrounds.
Amateur sumo is particularly strong in Europe. Many athletes come to the sport from a background in judo , freestyle wrestling , or other grappling sports such as sambo.
German-English dictionary : translate German words into English with online dictionaries. Why did you choose sumo for your profession?
Als Teenager wurde er einer von fünf Auserwählten, die vom König von Tonga nach Japan geschickt wurden, um dort das Sumoringen zu erlernen.
Der oder die Yokozuna halten darauf noch ihre eigene Zeremonie ab. Danach finden die ersten Begegnungen statt.
Auch hier kämpfen die rangniedrigsten Ringer zuerst. Am Ende des letzten Tages eines Basho findet eine Siegerehrung statt.
Zwar sind die nach Rang abgestuften Gehälter öffentlich festgelegt und lagen zwischen monatlich 1. So erhält jeder Turniersieger einen einmaligen Bonus von beispielsweise Diese werden unmittelbar nach dem Kampf dem Sieger in Umschlägen übergeben; die Höhe einer Prämie ist auf Dazu kommen noch eine ganze Reihe weiterer Boni, die sich meist in ihrer Höhe nach dem Rang des Ringers richten.
Die Angehörigen der Ligen unter Juryo, d. Anfänger, die in der untersten Division kämpfen, erhielten umgerechnet Euro, während Makushita -Ringer etwa 1.
Alle anderen lagen irgendwo dazwischen. In der zweiten Hälfte des Führende Nationen sind hier neben Japan vor allem Deutschland sowie diverse osteuropäische Staaten.
Insgesamt 77 nationale Verbände sind hier organisiert Stand September Hübner am 6. Seit dem 8. Doch es gibt auch wesentliche Unterschiede.
Einer betrifft die Durchführung der Wettkämpfe. Diese rationale Auffassung spiegelt sich auch in der Kleiderordnung wider. Weiterhin werden bei den Amateuren die Meisterschaften in verschiedenen Gewichtsklassen abgehalten, wobei die Einteilung dieser Klassen von der jeweiligen Altersgruppe abhängt.
Seit werden jährlich Weltmeisterschaften für Frauen organisiert. Nur bei Amateurwettkämpfen treten Frauen als Aktive in Erscheinung.
Sie tragen dabei zusätzlich zu ihrem Mawashi einen Ringeranzug. Ringkämpfe unter Teilnahme von Frauen wurden etwa seit dem Compile a new entry.
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